Videnskab i koranen

Artikel af Mumin Salih, uddrag via Aus. Islam Monitor (læs det hele):

Islamisk forskning i Peshawar

Islamisk forskning (Advanced Rocket Science) i Peshawar

The fasting month of Ramadan was approaching fast and with it my traditional reading of the Quran. That year was the first and only time in my life I felt eager to read the Quran. My aim was to study the Quran rather than just read it. I was mainly interested in having a general contemplation of the language style and the contents of the Quran. By then, I already made up my mind that the scientific issue was a myth and intended to ignore it during that reading and focus on the language, but I couldn’t. Having just read Baucaille’s book, I couldn’t help noticing that the Quran made serious mistakes whenever it touched on a scientific issue. Those scientific blunders that never caught my eyes in the past have become major obstacles to me in accepting the Quran.

I couldn’t help noticing that:

  • The Quran commits Islam to serious mistakes in describing the origin of man. Muslims are still in dilemma as to what to do about it.
  • The Quran makes serious mistakes in describing the shape of the earth.
  • The Quran makes serious mistakes in describing the origin of the universe,
  • The Quran makes serious mistakes in describing the space (sky) and earth and referring to both in equal terms.
  • The Quran makes serious mistakes in describing the formation of mountains and claiming that Allah dropped them to stabilize the flat earth.
  • The Quran makes serious mistakes in describing the development of the embryo.
  • The Quran makes serious mistakes in describing the heart as the center of intelligence and completely ignoring the role of the brain.

Hvad står i vejen for arabisk demokrati?

Her er et bud fra Professor Joshua Muravchik fra American Enterprise Institute (AEI) – læs det hele her

Economic backwardness explains the problem in part. Generally, the most powerful correlate of democracy is higher per capita income. The overwhelming majority of countries where citizens enjoy an annual income of $5,000 or more are democracies. Few Arab countries have reached this level. But this factor still falls short as an explanation. For one thing, while a few Arab countries with wealth from oil or commerce have passed the $5,000 mark, none of them are electoral democracies (although a few, including Bahrain and Kuwait, as well as non-oil countries such as Jordan, are ranked among the “partly free.”) Furthermore, although much of the Arab world is poor, it is not as poor as sub-Saharan Africa, where per capita income is less than half of that of the Arab states. Yet democracy has begun to take hold in sub-Saharan Africa, where half of the 48 countries are electoral democracies.

Islam may be a second explanatory factor. Of the 47 states in the world with Muslim majorities, only nine, or 19 percent, are democracies. On the other hand, of 146 non-Muslim states, 114, more than three-quarters, are democratic. The impression of tension between Islam and democracy is reinforced by the fact that the only historic example of an Arab democracy is Lebanon, between the time it achieved independence in 1945 and the time it imploded into civil war in 1975, largely due to the pressure of foreign forces. What distinguished Lebanon in the Arab world was that, during its democratic era, it was largely a Christian-led nation.